La paix de demain sera-t-elle de longue durée?
La paix de demain sera-t-elle de longue durée? est une brochure publiée fin 1942 et reprenant le discours prononcé à l'assemblée du nouveau monde théocratique de septembre 1942, par Nathan H. Knorr, nouveau président des Témoins de Jéhovah de l'époque. Il est allégué par les Témoins de Jéhovah du côté visionnaire, voire prophétique, de ce discours car selon eux il aurait prévu la création de l'Organisation des Nations Unies à une époque où personne ne s'y attendait.
En fait, cette brochure ne fait que reprendre des actualités circulant dans les journaux de l'époque, et prévoit que la future unification des Nations serait effectuée sous l'égide de l'Église Catholique, ce qui n'a pas eu lieu. Elle laisse même sous-entendre un possible rôle de médiation de l'Église Catholique pour parvenir à une paix négociée entre les puissances de l'axe et les démocraties. De plus, elle considère que la paix obtenue après la guerre, serait illusoire et courte et qu'elle entrainerait une persécution mondiale des Témoins de Jéhovah par la nouvelle Société des Nations. L'ONU actuelle a plutôt été ces dernières années un moyen pour les Témoins de Jéhovah de défendre leur culte, qu'un persécuteur de leur mouvement.
Enfin notons en dehors de ce résumé, qu'avant la publication de cette brochure, le mouvement sous la plume de son président, le Juge Rutherford, pensait que les États-Unis et l'Angleterre se transformeraient en dictature et qu'aucun des deux camps ne gagnerait la guerre (La Tour de Garde, 15 décembre 1941, page 372 - Anglais). Il pensait aussi que la fin de la domination nazie marquerait la fin de la domination du démon sur terre dans son ensemble (La Tour de Garde, 15 Septembre 1941, page 288 - Anglais). On aurait pu penser que l'auteur de ces croyances, le président Rutherford étant décédé, la nouvelle équipe dirigeante sous l'égide de Knorr en ait profité pour réviser le point de vue prophétique des Témoins de Jéhovah dans cette brochure. Il n'en est rien le livre paru à la même assemblée et intitulé Le Monde Nouveau continue à répéter les mêmes enseignements que ceux de 1941. En fait ce livre précise les idées contenues dans cette brochure: l'Église Catholique va présider une conférence pour la paix, et tous les pays vont devenir totalitaires et persécuter immédiatement les Témoins de Jéhovah. Nous sommes très loin de ce qui a donné naissance à l'ONU actuelle.
Pages 4 à 7: l'auteur tente de faire porter le chapeau à l'Église Catholique pour le déclenchement de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale: l'Église Catholique détestant la démocratie et la liberté de conscience et cherchant à dominer le monde est dans tous les mauvais coups, y compris cette dernière guerre.
Page 8: Cette guerre n'est pas Har-Maguédon.
Pages 8 et 9: De nombreux officiels américains préparent la paix d'après-guerre, il est même fait état de plus de 35 pays qui en discutent.
Page 10: La paix a échouée parce que l'Église Catholique a été mise à l'écart des traités de paix de 1919.
Pages 10,11: L'auteur se demande si on ne va pas vers une paix négociée sous l'égide de l'Église Catholique.
Pages 11 et 12: Les États-Unis sont pour des Nations-Unis qui ressembleraient à la Société des Nations, mais le principal ennemi de cette solution est encore l'Église Catholique totalitaire.
Pages 12 à 17: La seule paix durable vient de Jéhovah, Satan s'y oppose par le moyen de "Babylone", toutes les religions chrétiennes.
Pages 18,19: L'insuccès de la Société des Nations réside dans le fait que l'Église Catholique n'y était pas associé. La société des Nations est identifiée à la bête de Révélation 17:3.
Pages 20, 21: L'Église Catholique et ses alliés fascistes, nazis et japonais ont sabotés la Société des Nations, pour tenter de créer une "nouvelle Société des Nations".
Pages 21,22: La Société des Nations va ressortir de l'abîme, parce que c'est la seule solution sinon c'est le suicide, mais cette fois inspirée par l'Église Catholique, qui a de bon rapports tant avec les dictatures qu'avec les démocraties comme les États-Unis.
Pages 25,26: Cette nouvelle Société des Nations va persécuter les fidèles Témoins de Jéhovah, et même réussir à arrêter l'œuvre de prédication.
Page 26: Cet arrêt de la prédication enclenchera le cri Paix et sécurité de 1 Thessaloniciens 5:3, alors la destruction s'abattra sur ce monde. La paix d'après guerre sera vraiment de courte durée, "une heure" selon la Révélation.
Page 27: De rage les gouvernants détruiront la "religion". Ils se feront détruire à leur tour par Jéhovah.
Page 28: Le nom de Dieu sera alors sanctifié.
Pages 29-31: Les Témoins de Jéhovah ne doivent pas adorer la bête, mais continuer à prêcher, seuls eux seront sauvés. Le vrai gouvernement qui amène une paix durable sera leur récompense
WHEN the “four horsemen" began their ride through the world in 1914, the nations and peoples painfully felt the steelshod hoofs of the fire-red horse. Its mad gallop was foretold in the Apocalypse in these words:
"And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword." (Revelation 6:4) That ride, bringing the bloody World WVar, seemed to come to an end in 1918, and the sword was sheathed in peace. A permanent peace it was hoped it would be. Now it can be seen that the peace was only a truce, a prolonged armistice.
The fiery horse again charges furiously through the earth, and peace is taken away by a total war which dwarfs the World War in magnitude and destructiveness. The fond dreams of lasting peace have been shattered with a rude awakening. Why ?
Men of affairs speak of this as a war for world domination. It is a violent clash between the parties to two sets of ideas, which ideas cannot for ever operate side by side on this earth. They are irreconcilable, and hence create a divided house of humankind. In view of what is coming upon the world, it does no one any good to hide from ourselves the truth with the thought that by smothering the truth the way can be laid for getting together in peace. The great cry of the nations fighting totalitarian aggression is for rnnmnom. Said the great “Prince of Peace": "Thc truth shall make you free." Let us for freedom’s sake not fear to face thc truth. The candid truth then, is, that religion is at the root of the world’s trouble.
That fact stands out clearly to all who desire to see the truth and to order their course aright. Not only freedom, but life, is involved. Careful students of history agree that since the so-called "Reformation movement" of four centuries ago the condition was set up and has existed that must at last break forth in an all- out war for world domination. As a result of that Reformation the religious organization in England, up till then bound to papal Rome, was nationalizcd and Britain became a nation religiously independent of the Vatican. Then fol- lowed the setting up and spread of the British Empire to the ends of the earth. It has been a Protestant empire, and against it the Catholic empires of Spain and France have enviously dashed in vain. Added to that, in 1776 the American nation was born, a revolutionary democracy establishing a separation of religion and state, and hence it was a non-Catholic republic. Its ties with the British Empire have been natural, and, in spite of some disagreements, those ties have grown stronger with time and world developments. Thus the civilization that the earth has known for the past three hundred years has been held together and dominated by two Protestant and non-Catholic world powers of democratic ideals. For this reason democracy has been associated with Protestantism and the clergy have stirred up great prejudice against it in Catholic lands. Down till the Reformation the Catholic civilization alone dominated, which method of lite and rule was marked by absolute, autocratic governments backed and blessed by the clergy of a totalitarian Hierarchy. That totalitarian religious system demanded unquestioning obedience and submission to the will of the Hierarchy, and it allowed for no democracy and freedom of worship according to the written Word of God. This explains the action of the Vatican’s head in 1849 when he called in the armies of the French to overturn the republic which freedom-loving Italians set up in Rome that year. It explains the undercover dealings of the Vatican through its nuncio to Germany, now pope, whereby the Nazi chieftain, a haptized Catholic, was maneuvered into power as dictator in Germany and a concordat with the Vatican was made and the German Republic was destroyed. It explains also why the Vatican and its Hierarchy in Spain and in America approved the rising up of a rebel to overthrow the Spanish Republic with the aid of the Nazi and Fascist dictators having concordat relations with Vatican City. It explains further why, after the Japanese began their assault, in 1937, for the conquest of the Chinese Republic, the Vatican sent out instructions to its missionaries in China to persuade the Chinese to submit to Japanese control. It explains why the French Republic was sold out, in 1940, and a devout member of the religious organization was made chief of state, abolishing “Brotherhood, Equality and Liberty" and erecting a Fascist state.
Moreover, it explains why religious influences was back of the Civil War of 1861 and the Vatican made overtures with the head of the Confederacy, reaching a shocking climax in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, who belonged to no religious organization but stood solidly by the Holy Bible. It explains, finally, the reason for the outbreak of religious intolerance in America in 1940, Hitler’s great year, and the mob violence incited by the said religionists against Jehovah’s witnesses, who believe in the righteous principles of this Repub1ic’s Constitution and who expose the schemes and efforts of the religious-totalitarian combine for world domination. It is vital to the carrying on of democracy, therefore, for the rulers of the nations to have in mind the foregoing truths when they listen to the words of an outstanding archbishop of America who speaks for Vatican City. Speaking at Columbus, Ohio, in February, 1942, on the subject “How Can Peace Come to the World" this Hierarchy spokesman said: "The enemy most feared by the dictators of nations and by all totalitarian governments is the Catholic Church. The democracies of the world have no reason to fear the church. History gives them no justitication for suspicion . With the prophetic Pope Leo XIII let us say: ‘Christ our Lord must be reinstated as the ruler of human society " (Cincinnati Times~Star, February 24, 1942) The sacred Scriptures and the facts of history prove that Christ Jesus has never yet been the "ruler of human society". Therefore the proposed ‘reinstatement’ means really the restoration of world domination of the religious head at Vatican City who claims to be the "vice-rent of Christ". The unchanging policy and purpose of that most powerful religious organization, the very heart of it, is, world domination by it as being necessary to world salvation, because it claims itself to be the visible representative of Christ’s kingdom. The violent, unChristian means used by that religious organization to gain its position of world domination have never let this earth enjoy an enduring peace.
The inspired prophecy of Daniel, chapter eleven, foretold this present conflict as a war between the totalitarian "king of the north" and the democratic "king of the south". It points out the totalitarian world power as the aggressor in the grab for world control in the "time of the end”. Since 1914 the world has been in its “time of the end", with the FINAL END yet ahead. Exactly how long the raging total war would continue the Scriptures do not seem to show. By some religionists this war has been named “Armageddon". Others, observing the theater of the battle getting near to Megiddo in Palestine, ask: "Are we facing Armageddon ‘?" The Scriptures are plain that the final battle of Armageddon is one far more stupendous than a fight between “the king of the north" and "the king of the south"; it is a universal war, a fight between worlds. In it the entire present evil world will be destroyed and the new world of righteousness which Almighty God establishes by Christ Jesus will bring peace, prosperity and life to this war~racked earth. Hence this international war is not the "'battle of that great day of God A1mighty”. —Revelation 16:14-16.
Before Armageddon comes, the Scriptures _ show, a peace must come. Hence it is proper that the problems of such peace be now considered. VVar problems at present engross the nations, and no true Christian will get in the 5 way of those concerned therewith. But the war 'recedes a peace; and in a radio address at Philadelphia, broadcast around the world, concerning postwar leadership, the attorney general of the United States said (July 3, 1942):
"It seems to me a wholesome thing that men , are thinking in 1942 of ways to win a peace, and acting on their thoughts—yes, even now, while the war is yet to be won. It·means that at last the realization has come to us that world war and world peace cannot be dissociated as parts of the same great upheaval. The problems of peace and of war are interdependent? (New York Times, July 4, 1942) Shortly thereafter the ex-president of the nation said in a broadcast from San Francisco: "Whatever the modifying views of our associates in war may be, Americans should have formulated the kind of peace that crrmy want. They must make up their minds Barons the war ends; otherwise others will make the peace, and not us." (New York Times, July 13, 1942) And in his recent book, on "The Problems of Lasting l Peace", it is written: "The purpose of this war, the most terrible of three centuries, is to make a lasting Peace. We must first win the war. But we will not win lasting peace unless we prepare for it. And we can prepare only by full and free public discussion, by the cold surgery of analysis? In May it was revealed that thirty-five government agencies were then engaged in postwar planning. (Stated by T. E. D., May 9, 1942) International discussions, and likewise public forums, are being held on postwar problems.
Therefore the question is a timely and urgent one, “Peace—Can It Last ?" The answer depends upon how the peace problems are solved. The greatest religious head in “Christendom” claims it his right to hold the world domination, and he is moving to exercise his power and influence in the peace conference, even offering the Vatican in which to hold it. By reason of his concordat with the Fascist dictator of Rome in 1929 he is now a temporal ruler as well as a religious one. The Hierarchy and the religious population which he rules as god declare that the Peace Treaty of 1919 failed because the pope was not in on it. He now appears in a peace role, pluming himself for a suitable place or voice in the coming Peace Conference. If he gains it, and if the Treaty of Vienna of 1815 is followed as to primacy of diplomatic representatives, then he or his official representative should preside as the "dean" of all the conferees. Says one of his American archbishops: "'I‘he only enduring peace that will restore the world to sanity and to a sense of the dignity of human personality is the peace of Pope Pius XII." And a monsignor in a radiocast from Washington, D.C., says: "He [that is, Pacelli] whose name is rooted in peace will be the one who will restore peace to the world; for when peace does come it will come, not in the way, the world expects or plans it, but in an utterly unsuspected way.”-—Mgr. F. J. S., February 8,1942.
A United Press dispatch of July 15, from Vichy, France, was therefore of peculiar interest to Americans who believe only in peace by victory, and no negotiated peace with a gangster, and which dispatch reads: “Dip1omatic circles said tonight that the Vatican was preparing a peace encyclical, to be published in mid-August, defining Pope Pius XII’s ideas of a basis for a negotiated peace and postwar world planning? "An earlier United Press dispatch from Vichy, which apparently had some bearing on this report, was completely censored out except for the statement that ‘there was a noticeable rapprochement of the Vatican and non-Catholic powers’ recently.” (New York Times, July 16, 1942) Whom these “non-Catholic powers" include can be surmised, when this fact is remembered, that despite the break between Italy and the United States the secretary of the personal envoy of the president is meantime " acting as the representative of this country to the Vatican.
The political statesmen of the world are also looking ahead to the peace, anxiously. Some fear the peace worse than they do the war, fearing for a great postwar slump, unemployment, dislocation of industry, communications’ breakdown, international debt tangle, anarchy and revolutions in various places, famine and pestilence, and other evils. They hope that the mistakes and blunders of 1919 and following years will not be repeated. A great struggle is foreseen to “lift the living standards from one end of this planet to the Other'”. The Nazi dictator has led his hordes on in world aggression with the promise of, to quote him, “a social state which must and shall be a model of perfection in every sphere of lit`e”; and the pope has published to the world a five-point program for world peace.
Those of a democratic mind hope for a United States of the world, a "family of nations”, a “world association” based on the United Na-