Rolf Furuli

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Rolf Johan Furuli (Né le 19 December 1942) est professeur émérite[1][2] en langues sémitiques de l'Université d'Oslo. Il est à la retraite depuis 2011.

Furuli affirme avaoir commencer à étudier la chronologie Babylonienne en 1984. Il a obtenu un master en 1995 et un doctorat en 2005 en hébreu classique. Furuli défend les vues religeuses des Témoins de Jéhovah dont il a été membre jusqu'en 2020[3][4], celles-ci incluent leur point de vue que la destruction de Jérusalem par les Babyloniens a eu lieu en 607 avant notre ère plutôt qu'en -587, date communément admise.[5] Dans un numéro daté de 2004 du Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Lester L. Grabbe, professeur d'Hébreu biblique et de judaïsme primitif à l'Université de Hull, déclare a propos d'une étude de Furuli: "Une fois encore nous avons à faire à un amateur qui veut réécrire la science. ... Furuli apporte peu de preuves qu'il a fait testé sa théorie auprès des spécialistes de l'astronomie Mésopotamienne et de l'histoire Perse."[6]

En 2005, Furuli a soutenu sa thèse doctoral portant sur une nouvelle compréhension du système verbal de l'hébreu classique. Dans un commentaire sur sa thèse, le professeur Elisabeth R. Hayes du Wolfson College, à Oxford, a écrit: "Bien que n'étant pas d'accord avec toutes les conclusions de Furuli concernant le wayyiqtol de la forme imparfaite, sa thèse bien argumentée contribue à faire avancer la méthodologie dans la science hébraïque."[7]

Il a traduit plusieurs documents des langues sémitiques et sumériennes en Norvégien.[8]

En 2020, Furuli a publié un livre intitulé My Beloved Religion – and the Governing Body dans lequel il soutient toujours que les doctrines fondamentales et la chronologie biblique défendues par le mouvement des Témoins de Jéhovah sont exactes, mais remet en question l'autorité des dirigeants du mouvement.[9] En conséquence, il a été excommunié du mouvement.[10]

Bibliographie

  • 1995 – Imperfect consecutive and the Verbal system of Biblical Hebrew (thesis, magister artium, University of Oslo)
  • 1997 – The Problem of Induction and the Hebrew verb in Elie Wardini (ed.) Built on solid Rock. (ISBN 82-7099-283-6)
  • 1999 – The Role of Theology and Bias in Bible Translation with a special look at the New World Translation of Jehovah's Witnesses (ISBN 0-9659814-4-4)
  • 2000 – Modern models and the study of dead languages Motskrift NTNU, Trondheim pp. 83–86 (in Norwegian)
  • 2001 – The study of new religious movements with a stress on the mental health of Jehovah's Witnesses (with Leon Groenewald and Johan Nerdrum) Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening, 2, pp. 123–128. (In Norwegian)
  • 2001 – Gilgamesh and Atrahasis two Babylonian Heroes (with Jens Braarvig and Tor Åge Bringsværd)
  • 2002 – Science and Bible translation – "Christianizing" and "mythologizing" of the Hebrew text of the Bible (ISBN 82-994633-1-9) (In Norwegian and Danish)
  • 2002 – The NWT's translation of the Hebrew verbal system with particular stress on waw consecutive (33 pages), in Tony Byatt and Hal Fleming's (eds) Your Word is Truth—The Fiftieth Anniversary of the New World Translation (ISBN 0-9506212-6-9)
  • 2003 – Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Persian Chronology Compared with the Chronology of the Bible, Volume 1: Persian Chronology and the Length of the Babylonian Exile of the Jews (ISBN 82-994633-3-5)[11]
  • 2003 – The book of Enoch – translated from Ge'ez to Norwegian.(ISBN 82-525-5177-7)
  • 2004 – The Dead Sea Scrolls (translated some documents from Hebrew and Aramaic) (ISBN 82-525-5199-8)
  • 2005 – The verbal System of Classical Hebrew An Attempt to Distinguish Between Semantic and Pragmatic Factors in L. Ezard and J. Retsø (eds.) Current Issues in the Analysis of Semitic Grammar and Lexicon I pp. 205–31. (ISBN 3-447-05268-6)
  • 2006 – A New Understanding of the Verbal System of Classical Hebrew – An attempt to distinguish between pragmatic and semantic factors (ISBN 82-994633-4-3)
  • 2006 – Sumerian Writings (translated some documents from Sumerian into Norwegian) (ISBN 82-525-6213-2)
  • 2007 –The Neo-Babylonian Chronology and the Cuneiform Tablet VAT 4956 in Forschung-Bibel-Artefakte. pp. XIV-XVIII (ISBN 978-3-9811529-2-0)
  • 2007 – Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Persian Chronology Compared with the Chronology of the Bible, Volume 2: Assyrian, Babylonian and Egyptian Chronology (ISBN 978-82-994633-6-2)
  • 2008 – Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Persian Chronology Compared with the Chronology of the Bible, Volume 1: Persian Chronology and the Length of the Babylonian Exile of the Jews, revised edition (ISBN 82-994633-5-1)
  • 2008 – Kebra Nagast (translated from Ge´ez into Norwegian) (ISBN 978-82-525-6704-5)
  • 2008 – Baal the King of the Gods in Ugarit (translated some documents from Ugaritic, Phoenician, and Hebrew into Norwegian) (ISBN 978-82-525-6590-4)
  • 2009 – How do Jehovah's Witnesses think? A Witness describes the faith, in H.K. Ringnes and H.K. Sødal, eds Jehovahs Witnesses An interdisciplinary Study (In Norwegian) (ISBN 978-82-15-01453-1)
  • 2011 – The Role of Theology and Bias in Bible Translation With a Special Look at the New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses, Second edition, Stavern, Norway: Awatu Publishers. (ISBN 978-82-92978-02-3)
  • 2012 – Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Persian Chronology Compared with the Chronology of the Bible, Volume 1: Persian Chronology and the Length of the Babylonian Exile of the Jews, Second edition (ISBN 978-82-92978-03-0)
  • 2012 – Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Persian Chronology Compared with the Chronology of the Bible, Volume 2: Assyrian, Babylonian and Egyptian Chronology, Second edition (ISBN 978-82-92978-04-7)
  • 2017 – When Was the Book of Daniel Written? A Philological, Linguistic, and Historical approach (331 pages)[12]
  • 2018 – The Tetragram – Its history, Its use in the new Testament, and its pronunciation, Part One (250 pages) (ISBN 978-82-92978-09-2)
  • 2018 – Are Jehovah's Witnesses False Prophets?: A Thorough Investigation with Rebuttal, William Kelly and Rolf Furuli (ISBN 978-15-48806-50-7)
  • 2019 – Can We Trust the Bible? With Focus on the Creation Account, the Worldwide Flood, and the Prophecies (1550 pages)[13]
  • 2020 – The fallacy of prophetic perfect – With translation of verses from the Prophets (ISBN 978-82-92978-10-8)
  • 2020 – My Beloved Religion — and the Governing Body[9] (ISBN 978-82-92978-12-2)

Références

  1. Arrowup.png Academia Profile – Oslo University
  2. Arrowup.png Flemings, Hal (2008). Examining Criticisms of the Bible. AuthorHouse (self-published). p. 89. ISBN 978-1-4343-2803-8. https://books.google.com/books?id=ZbWPcM6o-WUC&pg=PA89. 
  3. Arrowup.png Rolf Furuli. "Rapid Response: Bioethical aspects of the recent changes in the policy of refusal of blood by Jehovah's Witnesses". doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7277.37. https://www.bmj.com/rapid-response/2011/10/28/conscience-individual-jehovahs-witness-basis-refusing-blood. "En tant que membre du Comité de Liaison Hospitalière de Oslo, en Norvège depuis ces dix dernières années les questions d'éthique médicale en rapport avec l'utilisation du sang sont vraiment importantes pour moi." 
  4. Arrowup.png Osamu Muramoto. "Rapid Response: Bioethical aspects of the recent changes in the policy of refusal of blood by Jehovah's Witnesses". doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7277.37. https://www.bmj.com/rapid-response/2011/10/28/summary-and-correction-qampa-between-rolf-furuli-and-author. 
  5. Arrowup.png Rolf Furuli. Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Persian Chronology Compared with The Chronology of the Bible—Volume I Persian Chronology and the length of the Babylonian Exile of the Jews, Second edition 2012. Rolf Furuli. Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Persian Chronology Compared with The Chronology of the Bible—Volume II Assyrian, Babylonian, and Egyptian Chronology. Second edition 2012.. 
  6. Arrowup.png Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 28 (5): 42–43. 2004. 
  7. Arrowup.png Elizabeth R. Hayes (2007). "A New Understanding of the Verbal System of Classical Hebrew: An Attempt to Distinguish between Semantic and Pragmatic Factors (review)". Hebrew Studies (National Association of Professors of Hebrew (NAPH)) 48. doi:10.1353/hbr.2007.0013. ISSN 2158-1681. 
  8. Arrowup.png Sverre Bøe, "The New World Bible Translation of Jehovah's Witnesses" (in Norwegian) Tidsskrift for Teologi of Kirke. Oslo, Norway, 2011, p. 170. Sverre Bøe is professor of theology at Fjellhaug International University College in Oslo.
  9. 9,0 et 9,1 "My Beloved Religion – and the Governing Body". https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/53486592-my-beloved-religion-and-the-governing-body. 
  10. Arrowup.png "My only option was to publish the book". 25 June 2020. https://www.vl.no/verdidebatt/min-eneste-mulighet-var-a-publisere-boken-1.1735419?paywall=true. "Je viens juste d'être excommunié des Témoins de Jéhovah parce que j'ai publié un livre critiquant le Collège Central. Néanmoins, je ressentais la publication de ce libre comme une urgence. Et je suis parti avec une conscience nette." 
  11. Arrowup.png Modèle:Cite news
  12. Arrowup.png "When Was the Book of Daniel Written? A Philological, Linguistic, and Historical approach". https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318646222_When_Was_the_Book_of_Daniel_Written_A_Philological_Linguistic_and_Historical_approach. 
  13. Arrowup.png "Can We Trust the Bible? (e-Pub)". http://www.gramma.dk/produkter/can-we-trust-the-bible-e-pub/.